France

Book Hotel

Book Rental Car

Calendars

Cheap Flights

Golf

History

Language

Maps

Music

Places of Interest
  Amiens Cathedral
  Arc de Triomphe
  Champs-Élysées
  Citadel of Besançon
  Disneyland Paris
  Eiffel Tower
  Louvre Museum
  Notre Dame Cathedral
  Palace of Versailles
  Promenade des Anglais
  Reims Cathedral
  More France Attractions

Recipes

Skiing

Towns and Cities
  Amiens
  Besançon
  Bordeaux
  Boulogne-Billancourt
  Brest
  Caen
  Dijon
  Grenoble
  Le Havre
  Le Mans
  Lille
  Lyon
  Marseille
  Montpellier
  Nancy
  Nantes
  Nice
  Orléans
  Paris
  Reims
  Rouen
  Saint-Étienne
  Strasbourg
  Toulon
  Toulouse
  Tours
  More French Cities

Travel Guides

Weather

Links
   France Country Information
   French Recipes
   Learn French Downloads
   Learn French eBooks
   Travel Downloads
   Travel eBooks
   Travel Magazines
   More Links

Flightnetwork.com -Specializing in Cheap Flights


 















































 
Travel Guide 2   >   Europe   >   France   >   Towns and Cities   >   Toulouse

   
 

Toulouse


Toulouse is a city in southwestern France. The city is located on the Garonne River, and lies almost half way between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean, and fairly close to the border with Spain. As of 2005, Toulouse had an estimated population of 435,000.


Key Facts about Toulouse


Here are some facts about Toulouse:
  1. Toulouse is a city in southwestern France.

  2. Toulouse is located on the Garonne River, and lies almost half way between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean. The city is also fairly close to the border with Spain.

  3. As of 2005, Toulouse had an estimated population of 435,000.

  4. Archaeological evidence dates the earliest settlement in the area of Toulouse to the 8th century BCE. A city, known as Tolosa, was eventually established in the area, although to the South of the present day city of Toulouse.

  5. When the Romans conquered southern Gaul in the 2nd century BCE, a Roman military garrison was established close to Tolosa, although the old city of Tolosa also remained inhabited.

  6. During the Roman conquest of the rest of Gaul in the 1st century BCE, Julius Caesar established his camp in Tolosa in 52 BCE.

  7. After the Roman conquest of the whole of Gaul, Tolosa was no longer near the frontier, so stopped being a garrison town. Nevertheless the city continued to grow, thanks to its convenient location for trade between the Mediterranean and Atlantic.

  8. In the 1st century AD, a decision was made to relocate the entire city a few miles to the North. The old city was abandoned (the population was forced to relocate), and a new city built a few miles to the North. The new city became known as Palladia Tolosa, and rapidly grew to become a major Roman city.

  9. In the 5th century AD, the Roman Empire began to collapse, facing multiple barbarian invasions. In 407, Toulouse was besieged by Vandals, but managed to resist. In 413, the city was captured by Visigoths, who then withdrew, but who were then given control over the city by the Emperor Honorius in 418.

  10. From 418 to 508, Toulouse was part of the Visigothic kingdom. It was then conquered by the Franks, became part of the Merovingian, and later Carolingan Empires.

  11. In 721, during the Merovingian period, Duke Odo of Aquitaine defeated an invading Umayyad Muslim which had come Spain, in the Battle of Toulouse. This was a prelude to the better known Battle of Tours (also known as the Battle of Poiters) which occurred in 732.

  12. After suffering from the Black Death, famine, floods, and the Hundred Years' War in the 14th century, Toulouse experienced something of a "golden age" in the 15th century. A large part of this new found prosperity was based on a plant-based blue dye, "pastel", that was exported throughout Europe.

  13. In the 16th century however, a new blue dye from America, "indigo", wiped out the city's prosperity. Moreover religious conflict broke out between Calvinists and Catholics, only beginning to die out during the late 18th century.

  14. Since the 18th and 19th century, Toulouse gradually modernized.

  15. In the 1960s, Toulouse experienced rapid growth, because of the arrival of immigrants from Algeria.



Weather in Toulouse


For current weather information, we recommend:

Comments about Toulouse


Please share your comments about Toulouse, France:

   


Books about Toulouse


Here are some books about Toulouse:

Disclosure: Products details and descriptions provided by Amazon.com. Our company may receive a payment if you purchase products from them after following a link from this website.

Lonely Planet Montpellier, Toulouse & the Pyrenees (Travel Guide Chapter)

By Lonely Planet

Lonely Planet
Released: 2016-03-01
Kindle Edition (473 pages)

Lonely Planet Montpellier, Toulouse & the Pyrenees (Travel Guide Chapter)
 
Product Description:

Lonely Planet Montpellier, Toulouse, & the Pyrenees is your passport to the most relevant, up-to-date advice on what to see and skip, and what hidden discoveries await you in this region. Soak up elegant buildings and stylish boulevards in Montpellier, pop a cork and savor the go-slow, lush-green loveliness of the Canal du Midi or float through the underworld on the subterranean river of Labouiche, all with your trusted travel companion. Begin your journey now!

Inside Lonely Planet Montpellier, Toulouse, & the Pyrenees:

  • Full-color maps and images throughout
  • Highlights and itineraries help you tailor your trip to your personal needs and interests
  • Insider tips to save time and money and get around like a local, avoiding crowds and trouble spots
  • Essential info at your fingertips - hours of operation, phone numbers, websites, transit tips, prices
  • Honest reviews for all budgets - eating, sleeping, sight-seeing, going out, shopping, hidden gems that most guidebooks miss
  • Cultural insights give you a richer, more rewarding travel experience - history, people, arts, food, architecture
  • Useful features - includes Need to Know, First Time, Eat and Drink like a Local, Travel with Children, Outdoor Activities

eBook Features: (Best viewed on tablet devices and smartphones)

  • Downloadable PDF and offline maps prevent roaming and data charges
  • Effortlessly navigate and jump between maps and reviews
  • Add notes to personalize your guidebook experience
  • Seamlessly flip between pages
  • Bookmarks and speedy search capabilities get you to key pages in a flash
  • Embedded links to recommendations' websites
  • Zoom-in maps and images
  • Inbuilt dictionary for quick referencing

The Perfect Choice: Lonely Planet Montpellier, Toulouse, & the Pyrenees is perfect for both exploring top sights and taking roads less traveled in this particular region of France.

  • Looking for more extensive coverage? Check out Lonely Planet France for a comprehensive look at all that the country has to offer.

Authors: Written and researched by Lonely Planet.

About Lonely Planet: Since 1973, Lonely Planet has become the world's leading travel media company with guidebooks to every destination, an award-winning website, mobile and digital travel products, and a dedicated traveler community. Lonely Planet covers must-see spots but also enables curious travelers to get off beaten paths to understand more of the culture of the places in which they find themselves.

Biarritz & Toulouse Travel Guide Attractions, Eating, Drinking, Shopping & Places To Stay

By Brendan Kavanagh

Kavanagh Brendan
Paperback (88 pages)

Biarritz & Toulouse Travel Guide  Attractions, Eating, Drinking, Shopping & Places To Stay
List Price: $14.95*
Lowest New Price: $12.83*
Lowest Used Price: $12.56*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 02:12 Pacific 19 Aug 2017 More Info)


Click Here
  • Biarritz Toulouse Travel Guide Attractions Eating Drinking Shopping Places to Stay
Product Description:
In the southwestern corner of France on the Atlantic Ocean is the French Basque region where you can visit a number of beautiful seaside resort towns. Most famous is Biarritz, which was a favourite of Sir Winston Churchill as well as both French and English Royalty. Nearby is the city of Toulouse, a leading European centre of the aviation and space industries. Toulouse grew on the banks of the River Garonne and is the fourth largest in France (after Paris, Lyon, and Marseille). The city is rich in Gothic, Roman and Renaissance architecture.

Toulouse Travel Guide: Sightseeing, Hotel, Restaurant & Shopping Highlights

By Jessica Doherty

Ingramcontent
Paperback (40 pages)

Toulouse Travel Guide: Sightseeing, Hotel, Restaurant & Shopping Highlights
List Price: $12.95*
Lowest New Price: $12.72*
Lowest Used Price: $12.67*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 02:12 Pacific 19 Aug 2017 More Info)


Click Here
  • Toulouse Travel Guide Sightseeing Hotel Restaurant Shopping Highlights
Product Description:
Toulouse is a city in the southwest of France inland between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. Toulouse is an important part of the French economy and is a major center for the aviation and space industry with the head offices of Airbus, European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company (EADS), and the Galileo Navigation Satellite System. Introduction to Toulouse - Overview - Culture - Location & Orientation - Climate & When to Visit - Sightseeing Highlights - Place du Capitole - Basilica St Sernin - Canal du Midi - Cite de l’Espace (Science Museum) - Saint Etienne Cathedral - Airbus Factory Visit - Musee des Augustins - Musee Saint Raymond - Hotel d’Assezat - Pont Neuf - Recommendations for the Budget Traveler - Places to Stay - Hotel Saint Severin - Royal Wilson Hotel - Hotel du Taur - Hotel Albert 1er (1st) - Hotel Excelsior - Places to Eat & Drink - L’Entrepotes - Bapz Bakery and Tea Room - La Petit Rajasthan - Emile Restaurant - Soup ‘Here - Places to Shop - Espace Graine de pastel - La Maison de la Violette - Marche des Carmes - Nicolas Tourel - Midica

Toulouse & Surroundings: IGN88414 (French Edition)

By Ign

Institut Geographique National
Map (2 pages)

Toulouse & Surroundings: IGN88414 (French Edition)
List Price: $12.95*
Lowest New Price: $9.71*
Lowest Used Price: $6.22*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 02:12 Pacific 19 Aug 2017 More Info)


Click Here
Product Description:
Explore the surroundings of Toulouse with this IGN road map. The best way to plan your trip, to prepare your itinerary, and to travel independently in the area around this city.

Nothing Toulouse: A Fedora Wolf Travel Mystery (Fedora Wolf Travel Mysteries) (Volume 1)

By Stacia Friedman

CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
Paperback (182 pages)

Nothing Toulouse: A Fedora Wolf Travel Mystery (Fedora Wolf Travel Mysteries) (Volume 1)
List Price: $12.99*
Lowest New Price: $11.38*
Lowest Used Price: $7.00*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 02:12 Pacific 19 Aug 2017 More Info)


Click Here
Product Description:
Fedora Wolf accepts a cushy travel writing assignment in France to cover the annual Armagnac Festival with a sexy French photographer. But when the hotel concierge is murdered, Fedora's instincts as an investigative reporter lead her deep into the intrigues and boudoirs of the aristocratic residents of southwest France. Here's a chance to taste the exquisite cuisine of the Midi Pyrenees, drink its brandies and explore its Cathar fortresses without going through airport security! This funny, witty, travel mystery will delight lovers of French culture and history.

Toulouse and Beyond Travel Guide

By Donna Dailey

Beyond London Travel
Released: 2014-01-04
Kindle Edition (56 pages)

Toulouse and Beyond Travel Guide
 
Product Description:
2015 EDITION
The information in this book was updated by the authors in January 2015.

The Toulouse and Beyond Travel Guide is a pocket guide to the best of Toulouse, written by two award-winning travel experts. It is published in the Beyond Travel series, alongside Montpellier and Beyond, and Bordeaux and Beyond, a series of pocket guides published by the team behind the successful Beyond London Travel website.

Toulouse and Beyond is an inexpensive mini-guide to one of the most interesting cities in the South of France. The book describes the best sights to see in Toulouse itself, as well as the easiest and most appealing excursions from the city – to the Canal du Midi and Carcassonne.

3RD EDITION
The 3rd edition in February 2014 updates the guide for 2014 and adds maps for the main sights, the hotels and the restaurants, with interactive maps if you have an internet connection.

The guide also has sections on the best shopping, Toulouse’s sporting activities including golf, and recommends a range of personally-selected hotels and restaurants to suit all budgets. For sports fans especially, there is a guide to the main Stadium Municipal, where international rugby and football matches are staged.

Mike Gerrard and Donna Dailey have won several awards for their travel writing, including a Benjamin Franklin Award for a guidebook to Paris. Among their other guidebooks are the National Geographic Traveler Guide to Greece, the Top 10 Paris guide for Dorling Kindersley, the CityPack Guide to Nice and the Cote d’Azur, Paris by Metro, and the Bloom’s Literary Guides to both Paris and London. They have written guidebooks for almost every major travel guide publisher, including National Geographic, Dorling Kindersley, Michelin, AA, AAA, Fodor's, New Holland, Berlitz, Insight, and many more.



 
 
 

 
 
Note: Our company does NOT provide travel, vacation, hotel, car rental services or associated products or services. Any links (including but not limited to banners, text links, or search forms) to such items on this web site are adverts from third parties. Sorry we can NOT answer questions about these types of products or services.

Unless specifically noted on the page in question, our company is NOT associated with attractions or places of interest that may be described on this website. In such cases, we have often provided links to the official sites where possible, or other third party sites containing useful information, purely as a courtesy and for informational purposes only.

All information about attractions, places of interest, travel destinations, travel services, etc., was believed to be correct at the time it was prepared, but may be change at any time. Readers are advised to check with their travel agent, travel provider, or the attraction operator, for current information.


Copyright © 2007-2017, Answers 2000 Limited

CERTAIN CONTENT THAT APPEARS ON THIS SITE COMES FROM AMAZON SERVICES LLC. THIS CONTENT IS PROVIDED 'AS IS' AND IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE OR REMOVAL AT ANY TIME.
CERTAIN CONTENT THAT APPEARS ON THIS SITE,COMES FROM AMAZON EU S. r.l. THIS CONTENT IS PROVIDED 'AS IS' AND IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE OR REMOVAL AT ANY TIME.

Disclosure: Our company's websites' content (including this website's content) includes advertisements for our own company's websites, products, and services, and for other organization's websites, products, and services. In the case of links to other organization's websites, our company may receive a payment, (1) if you purchase products or services, or (2) if you sign-up for third party offers, after following links from this website. Unless specifically otherwise stated, information about other organization's products and services, is based on information provided by that organization, the product/service vendor, and/or publicly available information - and should not be taken to mean that we have used the product/service in question. Additionally, our company's websites contain some adverts which we are paid to display, but whose content is not selected by us, such as Google AdSense ads. For more detailed information, please see Advertising/Endorsements Disclosures

In Association With Amazon.com
Answers 2000 Limited is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.
In Association With Amazon.co.uk
Answers 2000 Limited is a participant in the Amazon EU Associates Programme, an affiliate advertising programme designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.co.uk.

Our sites use cookies, some of which may already be set on your computer. Use of our site constitutes consent for this. For details, please see Privacy.

Contact Us   Privacy   Terms of Use   Advertising/Endorsements Disclosures