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Travel Guide 2   >   Europe   >   France   >   Towns and Cities   >   Toulouse

   
 

Toulouse


Toulouse is a city in southwestern France. The city is located on the Garonne River, and lies almost half way between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean, and fairly close to the border with Spain. As of 2005, Toulouse had an estimated population of 435,000.


Key Facts about Toulouse


Here are some facts about Toulouse:
  1. Toulouse is a city in southwestern France.

  2. Toulouse is located on the Garonne River, and lies almost half way between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean. The city is also fairly close to the border with Spain.

  3. As of 2005, Toulouse had an estimated population of 435,000.

  4. Archaeological evidence dates the earliest settlement in the area of Toulouse to the 8th century BCE. A city, known as Tolosa, was eventually established in the area, although to the South of the present day city of Toulouse.

  5. When the Romans conquered southern Gaul in the 2nd century BCE, a Roman military garrison was established close to Tolosa, although the old city of Tolosa also remained inhabited.

  6. During the Roman conquest of the rest of Gaul in the 1st century BCE, Julius Caesar established his camp in Tolosa in 52 BCE.

  7. After the Roman conquest of the whole of Gaul, Tolosa was no longer near the frontier, so stopped being a garrison town. Nevertheless the city continued to grow, thanks to its convenient location for trade between the Mediterranean and Atlantic.

  8. In the 1st century AD, a decision was made to relocate the entire city a few miles to the North. The old city was abandoned (the population was forced to relocate), and a new city built a few miles to the North. The new city became known as Palladia Tolosa, and rapidly grew to become a major Roman city.

  9. In the 5th century AD, the Roman Empire began to collapse, facing multiple barbarian invasions. In 407, Toulouse was besieged by Vandals, but managed to resist. In 413, the city was captured by Visigoths, who then withdrew, but who were then given control over the city by the Emperor Honorius in 418.

  10. From 418 to 508, Toulouse was part of the Visigothic kingdom. It was then conquered by the Franks, became part of the Merovingian, and later Carolingan Empires.

  11. In 721, during the Merovingian period, Duke Odo of Aquitaine defeated an invading Umayyad Muslim which had come Spain, in the Battle of Toulouse. This was a prelude to the better known Battle of Tours (also known as the Battle of Poiters) which occurred in 732.

  12. After suffering from the Black Death, famine, floods, and the Hundred Years' War in the 14th century, Toulouse experienced something of a "golden age" in the 15th century. A large part of this new found prosperity was based on a plant-based blue dye, "pastel", that was exported throughout Europe.

  13. In the 16th century however, a new blue dye from America, "indigo", wiped out the city's prosperity. Moreover religious conflict broke out between Calvinists and Catholics, only beginning to die out during the late 18th century.

  14. Since the 18th and 19th century, Toulouse gradually modernized.

  15. In the 1960s, Toulouse experienced rapid growth, because of the arrival of immigrants from Algeria.



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Books about Toulouse


Here are some books about Toulouse:

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Toulouse, France: Plus the Haute-Garonne Area (Starting-Point Travel Guides)

By B G Preston

Independently published
Released: August 9th, 2023
Paperback (121 pages)

Toulouse, France: Plus the Haute-Garonne Area (Starting-Point Travel Guides)
Lowest New Price: $15.95*
In Stock*
*(As of 01:00 Pacific 18 May 2024 More Info)


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Description:
Toulouse, France: Plus the Haute-Garonne Area (Starting-Point Travel Guides)
  • Manufacturer: Independently published
  • EAN: 9798856726250
  • PartNumber: 9798856726250
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 121
  • Author: B G Preston
  • Publication Date: August 9th, 2023
  • Release Date: August 9th, 2023
Physical Description:
  • Size: 8.0 inches by 5.25 inches by 0.28 inches
  • Weight: 0.29982867632 Pounds
Click here for more information

TOULOUSE TRAVEL GUIDE 2024: "Toulouse Unveiled: Exploring the Heart of Occitania" (The Travel Companion)

By KYLE WATSON

Independently published
Released: December 15th, 2023
Paperback (138 pages)

TOULOUSE TRAVEL GUIDE 2024: "Toulouse Unveiled: Exploring the Heart of Occitania" (The Travel Companion)
Lowest New Price: $13.99*
In Stock*
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Description:
TOULOUSE TRAVEL GUIDE 2024: "Toulouse Unveiled: Exploring the Heart of Occitania" (The Travel Companion)
  • Manufacturer: Independently published
  • EAN: 9798871938119
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 138
  • Author: KYLE WATSON
  • Publication Date: December 15th, 2023
  • Release Date: December 15th, 2023
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.0 inches by 6.0 inches by 0.32 inches
Click here for more information

Unveiling Toulouse - France: Your Travel Guide to The Pink City - Essentials Edition: Unraveling the Aerospace Marvel, Historic Wonders, and Culinary ... Journey Through the Heart of French Culture)

By Tailored Travel Guides

Independently published
Released: February 29th, 2024
Paperback (88 pages)

Unveiling Toulouse - France: Your Travel Guide to The Pink City - Essentials Edition: Unraveling the Aerospace Marvel, Historic Wonders, and Culinary ... Journey Through the Heart of French Culture)
Lowest New Price: $14.88*
In Stock*
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Description:
Unveiling Toulouse - France: Your Travel Guide to The Pink City - Essentials Edition: Unraveling the Aerospace Marvel, Historic Wonders, and Culinary ... Journey Through the Heart of French Culture)
  • Manufacturer: Independently published
  • EAN: 9798883270887
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 88
  • Authors: Tailored Travel Guides, Tailored Travel Guides
  • Publication Date: February 29th, 2024
  • Release Date: February 29th, 2024
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.0 inches by 6.0 inches by 0.2 inches
Click here for more information

Toulouse Travel Tips (France): Discover the most up-to-date and amazing places to explore in Toulouse, along with current information and guides on when ... to see (Budget-Friendly Cities in Europe)

By Hudson Miles

Kindle Edition (54 pages)

Toulouse Travel Tips (France): Discover the most up-to-date and amazing places to explore in Toulouse, along with current information and guides on when ... to see (Budget-Friendly Cities in Europe)
Lowest New Price: $5.99*
Available for download now*
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Description:
Toulouse Travel Tips (France): Discover the most up-to-date and amazing places to explore in Toulouse, along with current information and guides on when ... to see (Budget-Friendly Cities in Europe)

Details:
  • Kindle Edition
  • Format: Kindle eBook
  • Number of Pages: 54
  • Author: Hudson Miles
Click here for more information

Toulouse Travel Guide 2024: Explore a Land of Rich History and Natural Beauty

By Melissa Wright

Kindle Edition (45 pages)

Toulouse Travel Guide 2024: Explore a Land of Rich History and Natural Beauty
Lowest New Price: $3.99*
Available for download now*
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Description:
Toulouse Travel Guide 2024: Explore a Land of Rich History and Natural Beauty

Details:
  • Kindle Edition
  • Format: Kindle eBook
  • Number of Pages: 45
  • Author: Melissa Wright
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Unveiling Toulouse - France: Your Travel Guide to The Pink City - Essentials Edition - GS: Unraveling the Aerospace Marvel, Historic Wonders, and ... Journey Through the Heart of French Culture)

By Tailored Travel Guides

Independently published
Released: March 6th, 2024
Paperback (88 pages)

Unveiling Toulouse - France: Your Travel Guide to The Pink City - Essentials Edition - GS: Unraveling the Aerospace Marvel, Historic Wonders, and ... Journey Through the Heart of French Culture)
Lowest New Price: $11.99*
In Stock*
*(As of 01:00 Pacific 18 May 2024 More Info)


Click Here
Description:
Unveiling Toulouse - France: Your Travel Guide to The Pink City - Essentials Edition - GS: Unraveling the Aerospace Marvel, Historic Wonders, and ... Journey Through the Heart of French Culture)
  • Manufacturer: Independently published
  • EAN: 9798883981028
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 88
  • Authors: Tailored Travel Guides, Tailored Travel Guides
  • Publication Date: March 6th, 2024
  • Release Date: March 6th, 2024
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.0 inches by 6.0 inches by 0.22 Inches
Click here for more information

Greater Than a Tourist- Toulouse France: 50 Travel Tips from a Local (Greater Than a Tourist France)

By Alix Barnaud

Independently Published
Released: January 11th, 2019
Paperback (111 pages)

Greater Than a Tourist- Toulouse France: 50 Travel Tips from a Local (Greater Than a Tourist France)
Lowest New Price: $11.97*
In Stock*
*(As of 01:00 Pacific 18 May 2024 More Info)


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Description:
Greater Than a Tourist- Toulouse France: 50 Travel Tips from a Local (Greater Than a Tourist France)
  • Manufacturer: Independently published
  • Brand: Independently Published
  • ISBN: 1793863679
  • EAN: 9781793863676
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 111
  • Authors: Alix Barnaud, Greater Than a Tourist
  • Publication Date: January 11th, 2019
  • Release Date: January 11th, 2019
Physical Description:
  • Size: 8.0 inches by 5.0 inches by 0.28 inches
  • Weight: 0.27998707274 Pounds
Click here for more information

Toulouse Travel Guide, France Environment: Touristic Guide

By Aaron Ellis

Independently Published
Released: December 4th, 2019
Paperback (194 pages)

Toulouse Travel Guide, France Environment: Touristic Guide
Lowest New Price: $29.00*
In Stock*
*(As of 01:00 Pacific 18 May 2024 More Info)


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Description:
Toulouse Travel Guide, France Environment: Touristic Guide
  • Manufacturer: Independently published
  • Brand: Independently Published
  • ISBN: 1671573986
  • EAN: 9781671573987
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 194
  • Author: Aaron Ellis
  • Publication Date: December 4th, 2019
  • Release Date: December 4th, 2019
Physical Description:
  • Size: 8.0 inches by 5.0 inches by 0.49 inches
  • Weight: 0.48060773116 Pounds
Click here for more information

Dordogne & Lot: With Bordeaux and Toulouse (Bradt Travel Guides)

By Dana Facaros

Bradt Travel Guides
Released: October 1st, 2022
Paperback (416 pages)

Dordogne & Lot: With Bordeaux and Toulouse (Bradt Travel Guides)
List Price: $25.99*
Lowest New Price: $23.44*
In Stock*
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Description:
Dordogne & Lot: With Bordeaux and Toulouse (Bradt Travel Guides)
  • Manufacturer: Bradt Travel Guides
  • ISBN: 1784779008
  • EAN: 9781784779009
  • PartNumber: 9781784779009
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Edition: First Edition
  • Number of Pages: 416
  • Authors: Dana Facaros, Michael Pauls
  • Publication Date: October 1st, 2022
  • Release Date: October 1st, 2022
Physical Description:
  • Size: 8.32 inches by 5.51 inches by 0.77 inches
  • Weight: 2.314853751 Pounds
Click here for more information


 
 
 

 
 
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