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Travel Guide 2   >   Europe   >   France   >   Towns and Cities   >   Paris

   
 

Paris


Paris is the capital and largest city of France. The city is located in the Île-de-France region on the river Seine and has an estimated population of 2,153,600 as of 2005.

Paris is an extremely popular tourist destination and is visited by approximately 30 million foreign tourists each year. There are numerous places to see in place including the Arc de Triomphe, the Basilica of the Sacré Cœur, the Champs-Elysées, the Eiffel Tower, the Grande Arche, the Invalides, the Louvre, the Musée d'Orsay, the Musée National d'Art Moderne, Notre Dame cathedral, the Opéra Garnier and the Panthéon.

Additionally, another place you will want to see, especially if you have a family is Disneyland Resort Paris. This is a holiday and recreation resort in Marne-la-Vallée, a new town suburb, approximately 20 miles (32 kilometers) from the center of the city. The resort includes:
  • Two theme parks - Disneyland Park (the main Disney park, based on Disneyland California, with five "lands" each based on a different theme or time period), and Walt Disney Studios Park (a theme park based on film and how movies are made).

  • An entertainment district - Disney Village - containing shops, bars and restaurants.

  • Golf Disneyland - A Disney-themed golf course, principally for adult visitors but also with a children's section.

  • Seven Disney-owned hotels.
Paris is of course also a very important center of business, industry and government. The Paris region produces approximately one quarter of France's GDP, and La Défense, which is the largest purpose-built business district in Europe contains the headquarters of many major French companies as well as 15 of the world's 100 largest companies. Many international organizations including UNESCO, the ICC and the OECD, also have offices in Paris.

Notre Dame Cathedral:
Notre Dame in Paris


Key Facts about Paris


Arc de Triomphe:
Arc de Triomphe
Here are some facts about Paris:
  1. Paris is the capital and largest city of France.

  2. Paris is located in the Île-de-France region on the river Seine.

  3. Paris had an estimated population of 2,153,600 as of 2005.

  4. Paris is an extremely popular tourist destination and is visited by approximately 30 million foreign tourists each year.

  5. There are numerous places of interest, historic sites, and tourist attractions in Paris, including, perhaps most famously, the Eiffel Tower.

  6. The Disneyland Resort Paris is also within easy reach of the city. It is located in Marne-la-Vallée, a new town suburb, approximately 20 miles (32 kilometers) from the center of the Paris

  7. Archaeological digs have revealed that the earliest permanent settlements in the Paris area, were probably around 4500 BCE.

  8. A Celtic tribe, the Parisii, inhabited the area from around 250 BCE. They are known to have constructed a settlement at Île de la Cité (a natural island in the River Seine in Paris).

  9. The Romans conquered the area in 52 BCE. The Roman settlement built in the area, which eventually grew to beconme a prosperous city, was known as Lutetia or Lutetia Parisorum. This later became known as Lutèce.

  10. Julian (331 to 363), Prefect of the Gauls, proclaimed himself Roman Emperor in Île de la Cité in 360. Julian remained in Paris until his death in 363, effectively making Paris de facto capital of the Western Roman Empire during this period.

  11. With the collapse of the Roman Empire, Paris was largely abandoned, but Clovis the Frank, first Merovingian dynasty, made Paris his capital in 508.

  12. The Carolingans moved the Frankish capital to Aachen, but in 987 AD, Hugh Capet, count of Paris, was elected King of France, and Paris again became the capital of France.

  13. During the Hundred Years War, Paris was occupied by the English, and for a time lost its position as French capital. However, after French victory in the war, the French capital again returned to Paris.

  14. Paris was the scene of many of the important events of the French Revolution (from 1789), as well the coup by Napoleonn which established the French Consulate, and later, the First French Empire.

  15. During the Franco-Prussian War (1870 to 1871), Paris was beseiged by the Prussians. After the war, it was also the scene of an attempted revolution, the Paris Commune, which was bloodily suppressed by the French army.

  16. In 1889, the Eiffel Tower opened in Paris. It was built for the Exposition Universelle, a World's Fair held in the city.

  17. The first Paris Métro Line (underground railway line) opened in 1900, to coincide with the 1900 Universal Exposition (another World's Fair held in Paris).

  18. During World War I, the advancing Germans came to within earshot of the city in 1914, before being driven back by Anglo-French forces at the First Battle of the Marne.

  19. In World War II, Paris was occupied by the Germans from June 1940 until August 1944. Central Paris survived the war relatively unscathed, as the Allies mostly only bombed targets in the suburbs, and the German commander Dietrich von Choltitz refused to obey direct orders from Adolf Hitler ordering the destruction of the city (Dietrich von Choltitz is sometimes known as the "Saviour of Paris" for this action).

  20. Since World War II, parts of Paris have suffered from deindustrialization, whilst other parts have shifted their economies to high-value services and high technology. In 2007, then French President, Nicolas Sarkozy, launched a massive urban renewal project known as Grand Paris, aimed better integrating the city and improving its economy.


Attractions and Places of Interest in Paris


Some attractions and places of interest in and near Paris include:

Weather in Paris


For current weather information, we recommend:

Related Links


Related Links:
  • Da Vinci Code Tour
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  • Louvre Guided Tour
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  • Paris Museum & Sightseeing Pass
    The Paris Pass is a sightseeing card which gives holders FREE ENTRY to over 60 sights and tourist attractions in Paris. Some of the most popular attractions which can be visited free with the Paris Pass are the Louvre Museum, the Arc de Triomphe, a Seine river cruise, an open top bus sightseeing tour, the Grevin Wax Museum and the Palace of Versailles - to name but a few.
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Comments about Paris


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Books about Paris


Here are some books about Paris:

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Rick Steves Paris 2018

By Rick Steves & Gene Openshaw

Rick Steves
Released: 2017-11-21
Paperback (780 pages)

Rick Steves Paris 2018
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Product Description:
Explore every centimeter of Paris, from the top of the Eiffel tower to the ancient catacombs below the city: with Rick Steves on your side, Paris can be yours!

Inside Rick Steves Paris 2018 you'll find:

  • Comprehensive coverage for spending a week or more exploring Paris
  • Rick's strategic advice on how to get the most out of your time and money, with rankings of his must-see favorites
  • Top sights and hidden gems, from Notre-Dame and the Palace of Versailles to where to find the perfect croissant
  • How to connect with culture: Chat with artisans in open-air markets, take in the works of Degas, and browse the multi-colored displays of macarons
  • Beat the crowds, skip the lines, and avoid tourist traps with Rick's candid, humorous insight
  • The best places to eat, sleep, and relax over a glass of vin rouge
  • Self-guided walking tours of lively neighborhoods and incredible museums and churches
  • Detailed maps, including a fold-out map for exploring on the go
  • Useful resources including a packing list, French phrase book, a historical overview, and recommended reading
  • Over 500 bible-thin pages include everything worth seeing without weighing you down
  • Annually updated information on the Historic Core, Left Bank, Opera Neighborhood, Champs-Elysees, Marais neighborhood, Montmartre, and more, as well as day trips to Versailles, Chartres, Giverny, and Auvers-sur-Oise
Make the most of every day and every dollar with Rick Steves Paris 2018.

Spending just a few days in the city? Try Rick Steves Pocket Paris.

Rick Steves Pocket Paris

By Rick Steves & Gene Openshaw

Steves Rick
Released: 2017-06-13
Paperback (220 pages)

Rick Steves Pocket Paris
List Price: $13.99*
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  • Rick Steves Pocket Paris
Product Description:
Rick Steves Pocket guidebooks truly are a “tour guide in your pocket.” This colorful, compact 220-page book includes Rick's advice for prioritizing your time, whether you're spending 1 or 7 days in a city. Everything a busy traveler needs is easy to access: a neighborhood overview, city walks and tours, sights, handy food and accommodations charts, an appendix packed with information on trip planning and practicalities, and a fold-out city map.

Included in Rick Steves Pocket Paris:

Sights: the Orangerie Museum, Rodin Museum, Cluny Museum, Army Museum and Napoleon's Tomb, Pompidou Center, Carnavalet Museum, and Picasso Museum

Walks and Tours: the Historic Paris Walk, Louvre Tour, Orsay Museum Tour, Eiffel Tower Tour, Rue Cler Walk, Left Bank Walk, Champs-Elysees Walk, Marais Walk and Versailles Day Trip

Lonely Planet Paris (Travel Guide)

By Lonely Planet & Christopher Pitts

Lonely Planet
Paperback (416 pages)

Lonely Planet Paris (Travel Guide)
List Price: $21.99*
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  • Lonely Planet Paris
Product Description:

Lonely Planet: The world's leading travel guide publisher

Lonely Planet Paris is your passport to the most relevant, up-to-date advice on what to see and skip, and what hidden discoveries await you. Stroll through the iconic cityscape; marvel at the abundance of museums bursting with masterpieces; or savour the moment at a Parisian brasserie; all with your trusted travel companion. Get to the heart of Paris and begin your journey now!

Inside Lonely Planet Paris:

  • Full-colour maps and images throughout
  • Highlights and itineraries help you tailor your trip to your personal needs and interests
  • Insider tips to save time and money and get around like a local, avoiding crowds and trouble spots
  • Essential info at your fingertips - hours of operation, phone numbers, websites, transit tips, prices
  • Honest reviews for all budgets - eating, sleeping, sight-seeing, going out, shopping, hidden gems that most guidebooks miss
  • Cultural insights give you a richer, more rewarding travel experience - history, fashion, architecture, music, art, film, literature
  • Free, convenient pull-out Paris map (included in print version), plus over 45 colour maps
  • Covers Eiffel Tower, Champs-Elysees, Louvre, Les Halles, Montmartre, Le Marais, Menilmontant, Belleville, Bastille, Ile de la Cite, Ile St-Louis, Latin Quarter, St-Germain, Les Invalides, Montparnasse and more

The Perfect Choice: Lonely Planet Paris , our most comprehensive guide to Paris, is perfect for both exploring top sights and taking roads less travelled.

  • Looking for just the highlights of Paris? Check out Pocket Paris, a handy-sized guide focused on the can't-miss sights for a quick trip.

About Lonely Planet: Started in 1973, Lonely Planet has become the world's leading travel guide publisher with guidebooks to every destination on the planet, gift and lifestyle books and stationery, as well as an award-winning website, magazines, a suite of mobile and digital travel products, and a dedicated traveller community. Lonely Planet's mission is to enable curious travellers to experience the world and to truly get to the heart of the places they find themselves in.

TripAdvisor Travelers' Choice Awards 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2016 winner in Favorite Travel Guide category

'Lonely Planet guides are, quite simply, like no other.' - New York Times

'Lonely Planet. It's on everyone's bookshelves; it's in every traveller's hands. It's on mobile phones. It's on the Internet. It's everywhere, and it's telling entire generations of people how to travel the world.' - Fairfax Media (Australia)

Paris: The Monocle Travel Guide Series

imusti
Released: 2016-05-25
Hardcover (148 pages)

Paris: The Monocle Travel Guide Series
List Price: $15.00*
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  • Die Gestalten Verlag
Product Description:
There’s the food, the culture, the architecture, the art —Notre Dame and Montmartre and the Louvre —and then there’s the side of Paris you’ve never seen, until now.

Paris: the city of love, the city of light —the city everyone thinks they know from movies and books. But there’s more to this vigorous new-old metropolis than Notre Dame and the Eiffel Tower. Along its winding streets and hidden in picturesque views along the Seine, there’s so much more to do and discover, to taste and see, than what you imagine.

The Monocle team is your guide as you explore the nouvelle cuisine in the city’s up and coming restaurants that are revitalizing classic dining. Step off the beaten path and into galleries showcasing works that will inspire future art world trends. Escape the crowds and the tourists in laidback local bars and classy clubs. And then bundle up in designer goods from the best unknown boutiques as you stroll through history and romance. Paris is a wonderland. This is your ticket.


 
 
 

 
 
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